Which sentences correctly use quotations from “A Modest Proposal”? Check all that apply

A.“It is a melancholy object to those, who walk through this great town, or travel in the country, when they see the streets, the roads and cabin-doors crowded with beggars, states Swift.”

B. Swift asserts that whoever finds “a fair, cheap and easy method” for solving the overwhelming issue of poverty in England would deserve to have “his statue set up for a preserver of the nation.”

C. Swift claims that his proposal would be profitable because no wealthy gentleman would think twice about paying ten shillings for the carcass of a good fat child.

D. Swift explains that his proposal would bring relief to impoverished parents because they would “be rid of the charge of maintaining them after the first year.”

E. “This would be a great inducement to marriage, which all wise nations have either encouraged by rewards or enforced by laws and penalties,” writes Swift about his proposal.

The answer is both B and E. Both the statements are grammatically correct. The B statement uses the quotations accurately by quoting something that has been said, and E also uses them properly by quoting writing, following the basic rules of quotations.

How to quote the source?

When you are a writer, you have to keep this in mind, that whatever content you write, it should have proper flow and along with that, it should be readable for the audience. With your content, it is your duty as a writer to explain the numerous elements of your article to the audience.

When as a beginner in the industry, you are trying to integrate quotations in the article, remember that it holds two aspects to it. The first being, signal. This refers to the name of the author. The second aspect is the assertion that talks about the bond between the content and the concept.

Introducing a quotation

Now, in order to implement these quotation marks into your content, get these tips inserted in your head and then appropriately implement them.

Short quotation: If the quotation is direct then you can inject it into a paragraph with double quotation marks.

Long quotation: If the quotation is really long, say 40 lines or something then just write the entire quotation in block letters and do not add any quotation mark, neither in the beginning nor in the end.

Parenthetical citations: If you are using short quotations then try to add citations at the end of the sentence, by adding in brackets. Once you end the citation, use general English punctuation marks such as commas, period, semi-colon, colon etc.

Commas and periods: Using the punctuation marks of commas and periods, you can use the citations between the quotations as well.

Semicolons and colons: These punctuation marks are inserted after the parenthetical citations or before the quotation ends.

Question marks and exclamation marks: These are to be inserted inside the quotation, if the statement is a question along with some explanation added in, in the quotation.

If the quotation is a complete question or an exclamation sentence, then place it after the closing of the quotation.

The quotation in the quotation: If there is a quotation and you find that this quotation contains another quotation, then try to use a single quotation mark.

Using only a portion of the entire text: If you are going to use just a portion of the context, then it is advisable to use the ellipsis points. Make sure not use these ellipsis points in the beginning or in the end. Use it wisely, and do not use it if it is not clear to the reader that you are using a portion of the entire text.

Explanations: If you are using quotations, then add in square brackets to add in some comments or to further explain the quotation. Now, if you have some error in the quotation, then use words like so and thus, to indicate that there is no error in your content, but there is an omission in the source of the quotation.

When to use quotation marks

By now, all the readers must have understood the utility and the concept revolving around the quotation marks and their correct usage in the English context.

However, there is a need to understand, as to why the quotation marks are used. Quotation marks are mostly used when you are using a piece of writing whose author is someone else.

For instance, Shelly said, “I love strawberry milkshakes in the summer season.”

Now, if you are using someone else’s work, then you can not use the same wording, and you have to bring in certain changes in the context.

Example: Shelly said that she loved strawberry milkshake in the summer season.

So, if you take a glimpse of both the statements you will understand that in the first statement, the exact words are used, thus, there is a need for a quotation mark.

However, in the second statement, the concept is the same, but the words are not the same. The wordings have been paraphrased. So, there is a need to use quotation marks in direct English rather than indirect English.

There are two types of direct quotation marks. They are run – in and block quotations. Run-in quotations are comparatively short, and they are written considering in mind the text that is around them.

However, the block quotations are long, and they are mentioned as a separate context in the entire content. They are mentioned in a different paragraph.

Now, if you are thinking about the length of the block quotations, then there are different styles of writing followed by numerous writers. However, if you do not want to follow any one style, then you can come up with something of your own.

Quotation marks rules

The art of capitalization

Sometimes it is seen that the quotation marks are capitalised and sometimes they are not capitalised. Then you need to understand that if a complete sentence is being used as a quotation mark, always capitalize the first letter.

If you are using a part of the quotation, then do not capitalize the first letter. In case, the quotation marks are separated because of the parenthetical; then the second part should not be capitalized.

When you are using quotation marks in your work, make sure to use them when you are giving a title, entering an alternate work or explaining the alternate context.

Then if you are inserting the entire text from the quotation, you need to write them in block letters. There is no need to do such a thing if you are using just a fragment of some quotation.

Considering the American English, when you are using quotation marks, the semicolons, colons and commas and other such punctuation marks are entered inside the quotation marks.

However, the exclamation marks and the question marks can be inserted inside or outside the quotation mark. Plus, if there is a quote inside the quote, then a single punctuation mark is used.

However, the simplest rule of using a quotation mark is that if you are opening it, then you have to close it as well. This, should not be on the readers to determine, you have to end the continuity of the quotation marks.


In a nutshell, it is really important to quote the source of the writings and then do so in a proper, grammatical way, that is free of any errors. This showcases the true writing skills of a writer.


  1. Explanation on quoting the Source: Retrieved from writing.wisc.edu
  2. Use of quotation marks: Retrieved from grammarly.com
  3. Correct use of quotation marks: Taken from enago.com
  4. Rules for using quotation marks: Retrieved from sussex.ac.uk


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